Science, technology and innovation (STI) indicators are crucial in monitoring Africa's scientific and technological developments, formulating, reviewing and implementing STI policies and strategies, and more importantly, guiding the continent’s march towards achieving its target of 1% of GDP invested in R&D. Africa’s history of measuring and monitoring science and technology (S&T) information is mostly available through estimates on S&T data based on indirect measurements in technology-related use, trade and investment, education, and S & T data of international organizations. International organizations have collected data from countries and aggregated the data in international databases. However, S&T data from many African countries are absent in these databases. Africa needs to build its capacity to collect and analyse STI data. It is not clear whether African countries have made progress towards meeting the target of investing 1% of GDP in R&D due to a lack of data. The absence of a robust common set of STI indicators has also limited the continent’s ability to make evidence-based decisions regarding STI. The African Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators (ASTII) Initiative was established in 2007 to inform policies at various levels of leadership and to provide, among other measurements, indicators for monitoring progress towards the achievement of the target of 1% expenditure of GDP on R&D by African Union (AU) Member States. This brief aims to provide an informed assessment of the extent to which decisions to boost R&D for Africa’s socio-economic growth and development have been attained. Some recommendations, based on the analysis, follow.
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